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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
Shrub, glabrous or short- or long-hairy, glandular or not, often smelling of wintergreen, generally rhizomed. Stem: prostrate to erect, rooting at nodes or not. Leaf: alternate, evergreen, leathery, entire to serrate. Inflorescence: raceme, each flower with 1 bract, 2 bractlets, or flowers 1 in leaf axils, each with 4–10 bractlets; pedicel jointed to flower. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused; petals 5, fused, cylindric, urn-, or bell-shaped, white to red; stamens (5,8)10, anthers dehiscing by 2 short, slit-like to rounded pores, awns (1)2 pairs, sometimes reduced or 0; ovary superior or 1/2-inferior, chambers (4)5, placentas axile, at top. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal or irregularly dehiscing, generally ± enclosed by fleshy, colorful calyx (or a berry and/or with non-fleshy calyx). Seed: few to many per chamber, appendages 0.
± 130 species: circum-Pacific, eastern North America, eastern Brazil, Himalayas. (J.F. Gaulthier, botanist, physician, Quebec, 1708–1756) [Middleton 1991 Bot J Linn Soc 106:229–258]
1. Leaf (3)5–13 cm; stem generally 20–200 cm, coarse; flowers in axillary racemes, each with 1 bract, 2 bractlets; corolla urn-shaped, glandular-hairy; filaments puberulent, anther awns 4; calyx dark purple to ± blue-black in fruit ..... G. shallon
1' Leaf 0.5–3.5(4.5) cm; stem < 35 cm, slender; flowers 1 in leaf axils, each with 4–10 bractlets; corolla bell-shaped, glabrous; filaments papillate, anther awns 0; calyx red in fruit
2. Sepals glabrous; stem glabrous to puberulent, long glandular hairs 0 to moderate; leaf minutely serrate or ± entire (or appearing so), especially near base, tip obtuse to rounded ..... G. humifusa
2' Sepals glandular-hairy; stem puberulent and moderate- to densely long-hairy, glandular or not; leaf minutely serrate, tip short-acuminate or acute to obtuse ..... G. ovatifolia
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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