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Key to families | Table of families and genera
This text currently parallels The Jepson Manual: Vascular Plants of California, Second Edition that is now available at the University of California Press.
Text appearing in blue on this page will not appear in the printed book; it will be displayed only on the Web. Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
Stem: thick, woody or ± below ground.
Leaf: rosettes 6–20 dm, stiff, sword-like, base much expanded, white, fleshy.
Inflorescence: panicle or raceme-like, scapose, bracted, < 4 m.
Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, < 6 mm, ± white; stamens 6, filaments slender; pistil reduced in staminate flowers, pistillate flowers with staminodes; ovary superior, 3-chambered, style and 3 stigmas short, ovules 2 per chamber.
Fruit: capsule, papery.
Seed: 1–3 per fruit, ovoid.
± 30 species: s US, Mex. (P.C. Nolin, French agriculturist, b. 1717) [Hess 2003 FNANM 26:415–421] Lf widths taken just above expanded leaf base.
Unabridged references: [Munz & Roos 1950 Aliso 2:217–238]
1. St below ground, horizontal; leaf blade 12–35 mm wide ..... N. interrata
1' St generally above ground, erect; leaf blade 12–48 mm wide
2. Lf margin in age fibrous-shredding; seed gray-white; DMtns, DSon ..... N. bigelovii
2' Lf margin in age not fibrous-shredding; seed red-brown; s SNH (Kern Plateau), SCo, WTR, e SnBr, PR
3. Lf base 3–8.5 cm wide, inflorescence 0.9–1.8 m; dry chaparral of coastal mtns; SCo, WTR, PR ..... N. cismontana
3' Lf base 5–16.5 cm wide; inflorescence 1.4–3.8 m; pinyon/juniper woodland, rocky desert slopes; s SNH (Kern Plateau), e SnBr, PR, DMtns, DSon ..... N. parryi
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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