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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
Stem: thick, woody or ± below ground. Leaf: rosettes 6–20 dm, stiff, sword-like, base much expanded, white, fleshy. Inflorescence: panicle or raceme-like, scapose, bracted, < 4 m. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, < 6 mm, ± white; stamens 6, filaments slender; pistil reduced in staminate flowers, pistillate flowers with staminodes; ovary superior, 3-chambered, style and 3 stigmas short, ovules 2 per chamber. Fruit: capsule, papery. Seed: 1–3 per fruit, ovoid.
± 30 species: southern United States, Mexico. (P.C. Nolin, French agriculturist, b. 1717) [Hess 2003 FNANM 26:415–421] Leaf widths taken just above expanded leaf base.
Unabridged references: [Munz & Roos 1950 Aliso 2:217–238]
1. Stem below ground, horizontal; leaf blade 12–35 mm wide ..... N. interrata
1' Stem generally above ground, erect; leaf blade 12–48 mm wide
2. Leaf margin in age fibrous-shredding; seed gray-white; Desert Mountains, Sonoran Desert ..... N. bigelovii
2' Leaf margin in age not fibrous-shredding; seed red-brown; s High Sierra Nevada (Kern Plateau), South Coast, Western Transverse Ranges, e San Bernardino Mountains, Peninsular Ranges
3. Leaf base 3–8.5 cm wide, inflorescence 0.9–1.8 m; dry chaparral of coastal mtns; South Coast, Western Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges ..... N. cismontana
3' Leaf base 5–16.5 cm wide; inflorescence 1.4–3.8 m; pinyon/juniper woodland, rocky desert slopes; s High Sierra Nevada (Kern Plateau), e San Bernardino Mountains, Peninsular Ranges, Desert Mountains, Sonoran Desert ..... N. parryi
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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