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Key to families | Table of families and genera
This text currently parallels The Jepson Manual: Vascular Plants of California, Second Edition that is now available at the University of California Press.
Text appearing in blue on this page will not appear in the printed book; it will be displayed only on the Web. Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
Perennial, rhizomes extensive, scales brown.
Leaf: basal, long-petioled, 2–3- ternate; leaflet blades ovate to ± cordate, lobes 3, shallow, teeth 0 or shallow.
Inflorescence: raceme or panicle, ± scapose, open, long-peduncled; flowers spreading to pendent.
Flower: sepals generally 12–15, 8–9 mm, outer 6–9 << inner 6, bract-like, deciduous, inner petal-like, persistent, in age reflexed; petals 6, < inner sepals, reflexed from base, distally glandular; stamens generally 6, held against ovary, style, anther valves flap-like, pointed tipward; ovules 2–10, style 1, < ovary, persistent, beak-like in fruit, stigma cup-like.
Fruit: capsule, 2-valved, generally elliptic.
Seed: with oily body for ant dispersal.
3 species: temperate w North America. (Captain George Vancouver, British explorer, 1757–1798) [Zhang 2007 Syst Bot 32:81–92] Pedicel appears to arise from inside flower, from tip instead of base, yielding an upside-down or "inside-out" flower.
Unabridged references: [Stearn 1938 J Linn Soc Bot 51:409–535]
1. Pedicel glabrous; leaflet margin thin, membranous; petiole in age straw; leaves deciduous in fruit ..... V. hexandra
1' Pedicel short glandular-hairy, at least at base; leaflet margin thick, ± white; petiole in age red-brown; leaves persistent in fruit
2. Infl generally ± raceme, branched below or not; petals yellow, tips reflexed, hood-like; ovary, pedicel short glandular-hairy ..... V. chrysantha
2' Infl panicle; petals white, tinged lavender or not, tips flat, notched; ovary glabrous, pedicel generally glabrous distally ..... V. planipetala
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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