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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.


Perennial herb, rhizomes extensive, scales brown. Stem: 0. Leaf: basal, long-petioled, 2–3-ternate; leaflet blades ovate to ± cordate, lobes 3, shallow, teeth 0 or shallow. Inflorescence: raceme or panicle, ± scapose, open, long-peduncled; flowers spreading to pendent. Flower: sepals generally 12–15, 8–9 mm, outer 6–9 << inner 6, bract-like, deciduous, inner petal-like, persistent, in age reflexed; petals 6, < inner sepals, reflexed from base, distally glandular; stamens generally 6, held against ovary, style, anther valves flap-like, pointed tipward; ovules 2–10, style 1, < ovary, persistent, beak-like in fruit, stigma cup-like. Fruit: capsule, 2-valved, generally elliptic. Seed: with oily body for ant dispersal.
3 species: temperate western North America. (Captain George Vancouver, British explorer, 1757–1798) [Zhang 2007 Syst Bot 32:81–92] Pedicel appears to arise from inside flower, from tip instead of base, yielding an upside-down or "inside-out" flower.
Unabridged references: [Stearn 1938 J Linn Soc Bot 51:409–535]

Key to Vancouveria

1. Pedicel glabrous; leaflet margin thin, membranous; petiole in age straw; leaves deciduous in fruit ..... V. hexandra

1' Pedicel short glandular-hairy, at least at base; leaflet margin thick, ± white; petiole in age red-brown; leaves persistent in fruit

2. Inflorescence generally ± raceme, branched below or not; petals yellow, tips reflexed, hood-like; ovary, pedicel short glandular-hairy ..... V. chrysantha

2' Inflorescence panicle; petals white, tinged lavender or not, tips flat, notched; ovary glabrous, pedicel generally glabrous distally ..... V. planipetala


Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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