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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
Annual to subshrub, from taproot. Leaf: basal and cauline, alternate, simple, generally narrowly lanceolate or narrowly elliptic to ovate. Inflorescence: spike, nodding in bud, generally flower from basal-most to distal nodes. Flower: opening at dawn; sepals 4, reflexed singly or in fused pairs; petals 4, yellow, fading red, generally with 1+ red basal spots, with no ultraviolet pattern; stamens 8, longer opposite sepals, anthers attached at middle, pollen grains 3-angled except in polyploid taxa at 20×; ovary chambers 4, stigma ± spheric or hemispheric, exceeding anthers and cross-pollinated or ± = anthers and self-pollinated. Fruit: 4-angled at least when dry, generally proximally thick, contorted or curled 1–5 times, or straight, not swollen by seeds, sessile. Seed: in 1 row per chamber, narrowly obovoid, flattened, dull brown-black.
14 species: California, Arizona, Oregon, Baja California. (Greek: like Camissonia) [Wagner et al. 2007 Syst Bot Monogr 83:1–240] Polyploidy and self-pollination have predominated in evolution of genus. Incl in Camissonia in TJM (1993).
Unabridged references: [Raven 1969 Contr US Natl Herb 37:161–396]
1. Perennial herb or subshrub; ± coastal ..... C. cheiranthifolia
2. Perennial herb; hairs rarely dense and silvery; style 6–9 mm; petals 6–11 mm; stigma surrounded by anthers ..... subsp. cheiranthifolia
2' Subshrub; hairs generally dense and silvery; style 13–23 mm; petals (10)12–20 mm; stigma exceeding anthers ..... subsp. suffruticosa
1' Annual or short-lived perennial herb; inland or coastal
3. Stigma exceeding anthers ..... C. bistorta
3' Stigma generally surrounded by anthers
4. Fruit stout, 2.8–3.5 mm wide at base, deeply grooved ..... C. guadalupensis subsp. clementina
4' Fruit not especially stout, 0.7–2.2 mm wide at base, not deeply grooved
5. > 25% of pollen grains 4–5-angled (visible with light microscopy)
6. Inflorescence hairs nonglandular; 25–60% of pollen grains 4–5-angled — Outer South Coast Ranges (Monterey Co.) ..... C. luciae
6' Inflorescence hairs both glandular and other types nonglandular; 70–100% of pollen grains 4–5-angled
7. Fruit 1.3–1.6 mm wide, ± cylindric, drying ± 4-angled; Outer South Coast Ranges (Monterey, San Luis Obispo cos.) ..... C. hardhamiae
7' Fruit 1.5–2 mm wide, 4-angled; Channel Islands, Peninsular Ranges ..... C. robusta
5' < 5% of pollen grains 4–5-angled (visible with light microscopy)
8. Fruit conspicuously 4-angled, 1.8–2.2 mm wide — South Coast, w Peninsular Ranges ..... C. lewisii
8' Fruit cylindric or weakly 4-angled when fresh, 0.7–1.8 mm wide
9. Petioles of distal leaves < 25 mm; fruit < 5-coiled ..... C. ignota
9' Petioles of distal leaves 0 or < 2 mm; fruit straight to 3-coiled
10. Plant strigose, ± gray — s San Joaquin Valley, n slope San Bernardino Mountains, Desert ..... C. pallida
11. Petals 6.5–13 mm; hypanthium 3.8–4.2 mm; style 6.5–10.5 mm ..... subsp. hallii
11' Petals 2–6.5 mm; hypanthium 1–3 mm; style 2.1–6.5 mm ..... subsp. pallida
10' Plant not strigose, ± gray or not
12. Fruit 0.7–0.9 mm wide; distal leaves narrowly ovate to ovate; stem ascending ..... C. hirtella
12' Fruit 0.8–1.8 mm wide; distal leaves narrowly lanceolate to narrowly ovate; stem ± erect or decumbent
13. Distal leaves generally narrowly lanceolate; inflorescence hairs generally nonglandular ..... C. micrantha
13' Distal leaves lanceolate to narrowly ovate; inflorescence generally with glandular hairs
14. Plant ± gray with spreading hairs; hypanthium 2–3.8 mm; sepals 3.2–8 mm ..... C. confusa
14' Plant with spreading hairs, but not conspicuously ± gray; hypanthium 1.2–2 mm; sepals 1–2.5 mm ..... C. intermedia
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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