Jepson eFlora
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Key to Campanulaceae

View taxon page for Campanulaceae

Jepson Manual glossary definitions can be seen by moving your cursor over words underlined with dots.

1. Flower radial; filaments not fused (subfamily Campanuloideae)

2. Perennial herb

3. Flowers generally 2–4+ per node; corolla cut >= 3/4 to base, lobes linear ..... ASYNEUMA

3' Flowers generally 1 per node; corolla cut 1/4–2/3 to base, lobes narrow- to wide-triangular ..... CAMPANULA (2)

2' Annual

4. Flowers in axils of leaf-like bracts, sessile

5. Corolla 3–5 mm, cylindric; sepals widely triangular, leaf-like ..... HETEROCODON

5' Corolla 5–10 mm, rotate; sepals narrowly triangular, not leaf-like ..... TRIODANIS

4' Flowers terminal, subtended, but generally not immediately so, by 1–several, generally non-leaf-like bracts, sessile or not

6. Fruit open by lateral pores ..... CAMPANULA (2)

6' Fruit open at top irregularly by tears where style falls off, within persistent sepals ..... GITHOPSIS

1' Flower bilateral; filaments, anthers fused into tube or filaments fused into tube above middle, anthers free

7. Filaments free at base, fused above middle, anthers free; plants of dry areas (subfamily Nemacladoideae) ..... NEMACLADUS

7' Filaments, anthers fused; plants of wet areas (subfamily Lobelioideae)

8. Fruit open on sides by slits or irregular tears

9. Pedicels 0; ovary long, narrow, ± pedicel-like; leaf lanceolate to awl-like ..... DOWNINGIA

9' Pedicels 1–4(8) mm; ovary ellipsoid, not pedicel-like; leaf linear ..... HOWELLIA

8' Fruit open at top, within sepals, by valves

10. Fruit spheric; plant biennial, perennial herb ..... LOBELIA

10' Fruit narrowly obconic or cylindric; plant annual

11. Corolla blue, abaxial lip with 2 low, yellow ridges; fruit narrowly obconic to cylindric ..... PORTERELLA

11' Corolla white or 0, abaxial lip without ridges; fruit cylindric ..... LEGENERE


Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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