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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
Evergreen. Leaf: leathery, adaxially ± glabrous, green, abaxially golden, with densely spaced, minute, appressed scales, margin entire or ± wavy above middle; stipules generally deciduous. Staminate inflorescence: branched or not, stiff, clustered or not, ascending to erect. Pistillate inflorescence: clustered below staminate on same or separate stalk, 1–3-flowered. Staminate flower: sepals generally 6, minute; stamens generally 8–10+. Fruit: nuts 1–3, enclosed by spiny, bur-like involucre, ovoid to ± spheric, ± angled; mature year 2.
2 species: western North America. (Greek: golden scale, from abaxial leaf)
Unabridged references: [Hjelmqvist 1960 Bot Not 113:373–380]
1. Leaf tip generally obtuse to rounded, blade ± elliptic, 2–8(12) cm; plant shrub, top rounded; bark generally ± thin, ± smooth ..... C. sempervirens
1' Leaf tip abruptly long-tapered, blade lanceolate to oblong, 5–15 cm; plant shrub, tree, top ± conic; bark ± thick, rough, furrowed ..... C. chrysophylla
2. Tree, 15–30(45) m; leaf blade ± flat ..... var. chrysophylla
2' Shrub, small tree, < 5(10) m; leaf blade ± folded, margins upturned ..... var. minor
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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