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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.

 

CABOMBACEAE WATERSHIELD FAMILY

Thomas J. Rosatti


Perennial herb, aquatic, rhizomes in mud. Stem: elongate, leafy, ends floating. Leaf: of 2 kinds: submersed, palmately dissected, opposite [whorled], short-petioled, not peltate; floating, simple, alternate, petioled, peltate, entire; stipules 0. Inflorescence: flowers 1 on long axillary peduncles, generally on or above water surface. Flower: bisexual, parts ± free; sepals, petals each 3[4], alternate, persistent; stamens 3–6 or 18–36(51), filaments slender, anthers opening lengthwise; carpels [1]2–18, ovaries superior, 1-chambered, ovules [1]2–3[5]. Fruit: achene- or follicle-like, indehiscent. Seed: 1–3, aril 0.
2 genera, 6 species: temperate, tropical America, Africa, eastern Asia, Australia; some Cabomba species cultivated for aquaria. [Taylor & Osborn 2006 Amer J Bot 93:344–356] Separation from Nymphaeaceae (carpels fused, fruits berry-like) confirmed by molecular data (Les et al. 1999 Syst Bot 24:28–46). —Scientific Editors: Bruce G. Baldwin, Robert E. Preston.
Unabridged references: [Les et al. 1999 Syst Bot 24:28–46; Taylor & Osborn 2006 Amer J Bot 93:344–356; Wiersema 1997 FNANM 3:78–80]
Unabridged note: Pollinated by wind (Brasenia) or insects (Cabomba).

Key to Cabombaceae

1. Leaves floating; stamens 18–36(51); submersed plant parts covered with thick mucilage ..... BRASENIA

1' Leaves submersed, in flower generally also a few floating; stamens 3–6; submersed plant parts not or ± covered with thin mucilage ..... CABOMBA

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Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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