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Key to families | Table of families and genera
This text currently parallels The Jepson Manual: Vascular Plants of California, Second Edition that is now available at the University of California Press.
Text appearing in blue on this page will not appear in the printed book; it will be displayed only on the Web. Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
Annual [per] or subshrub to shrub, 4–120(150) cm, generally aromatic.
Stem: generally ± erect, generally ± solid.
Leaf: proximal in basal rosette or opposite (generally not persistent), most alternate, sessile, linear to lanceolate or oblanceolate, proximal generally pinnately lobed to serrate, distal generally entire, hairy, often glandular.
Inflorescence: heads radiate, generally in flat-topped or ± panicle-like clusters or in tight groups; involucre bell- or urn-shaped, hemispheric, or ± obconic, 2–13+ mm diam; phyllaries 3–35 in 1 series, ± linear to lanceolate or oblanceolate, each generally 1/2 enclosing a ray ovary, falling with fruit, ± hairy and sessile- or stalked- glandular; receptacle flat to convex, glabrous or minutely bristly; paleae in 1 series between ray and disk flowers in annual or in 2–3+ series or subtending all or most disk flowers in shrubs, fused or free, phyllary-like, more scarious.
Ray flower: 3–35; corolla deep or pale yellow.
Disk flower: 3–70, generally staminate, sometimes bisexual; corolla yellow, tube <= throat, lobes deltate; anthers generally ± red to dark purple or yellow to brown, tips lance- ovate to deltate; style glabrous proximal to branches, tips awl-shaped, densely bristly.
Fruit: ray nearly round in ×-section (except ± flattened adaxially) or ± 3-angled (abaxially generally ± widely 2-faced, adaxially ± flattened to slightly bulging), generally ± arched, glabrous, tip ± beaked, beak offset adaxially, ascending, pappus 0; disk fruit generally 0, disk pappus generally of 1–15 generally linear to lanceolate, entire or fringed to deeply cut scales, sometimes 0 or crown-like.
21 species: CA, w AZ, n Baja CA. (Greek: fierce man, probably for name it replaced, Hartmannia DC., meaning "stag man," stags being fiercely territorial) [Baldwin & Strother 2006 FNANM 21:280–286; Baldwin 2007 Amer J Bot 94:237–248] Self-sterile except Deinandra arida and Deinandra mohavensis.
Unabridged disk flower: anther bases cordate-sagittate to sagittate.
Unabridged references: [Carlquist et al. 2003 Tarweeds and silverswords: evolution of the Madiinae (Asteraceae)]
1. Subshrub or shrub; paleae in 2 or 3+ series or subtending all or most disk flowers
2. Ray flowers (11)13(20); anthers ± red to dark purple; paleae in 2 series (1 between ray and disk flowers, 1 between outermost and adjacent disk flowers) ..... D. clementina
2' Ray flowers (4)8; anthers yellow or ± brown; paleae in 3+ series or throughout receptacle ..... D. minthornii
1' Annual; paleae in 1 series, between ray and disk flowers
3. Ray flowers 3–5; disk flowers 3–6; pappus of (4)5–12 scales
4. Ray flowers 3(4); disk flowers 3(4) ..... D. lobbii
4' Ray flowers 5; disk flowers 6
5. Phyllaries generally sessile-glandular, at least near margins, rarely stalked-glandular, stalks < glands; anthers ± red to dark purple
6. Phyllaries glandular near margins, sometimes also with slender-based glandless hairs; bracts subtending head generally overlapping at least proximal 1/2 of involucre ..... D. fasciculata
6' Phyllaries ± evenly glandular and with swollen-based glandless hairs, at least on midribs; bracts subtending head generally overlapping proximal 1/2 or less of involucre ..... D. pentactis
5' Phyllaries stalked-glandular, stalks generally >= glands; anthers yellow or ± brown (± red to dark purple or maroon).
7. Proximal leaves generally pinnately lobed to toothed (entire); heads in open, panicle-like clusters; pappus of linear to oblong, entire or fringed scales ..... D. kelloggii
7' Proximal leaves generally entire, sometimes serrate; heads generally ± sessile in tight groups; pappus of irregular, awl-shaped to square, deeply cut scales ..... D. mohavensis
3' Ray flowers (4)8–35; disk flowers 8–70; pappus 0, or of 1–14 scales, or crown-like
8. Anthers yellow or ± brown
9. Disk pappus generally 0, rarely of 1–5, linear to bristle-like scales 0.1–0.6 mm or rudimentary; faces of proximal leaves glabrous or hairy and stalked-glandular; disk flowers 17–60
10. Proximal leaves hairy and stalked-glandular; stem solid; disk flowers 17–25 ..... D. arida
10' Proximal leaves glabrous, margins and midribs sometimes scabrous or bristly; stem hollow; disk flowers 28–60 ..... D. halliana
9' Disk pappus generally of 4–13 scales, sometimes crown-like, rarely 0; faces of proximal leaves ± hairy and stalked-glandular; disk flowers 10–21
11. Ray deep yellow, 2–4 mm ..... D. bacigalupii
11' Ray pale yellow, 6–12 mm ..... D. pallida
8' Anthers ± red to dark purple
12. Disk flowers all or mostly bisexual — pappus scales often maroon or maroon-flecked ..... D. floribunda
12' Disk flowers all or mostly staminate
13. Ray flowers 15–35; pappus 0 or crown-like, with irregular scales < 1 mm ..... D. corymbosa
13' Ray flowers (7)8–13; pappus of 4–14, generally oblong or linear to lanceolate scales 0.5–2 mm.
14. Phyllaries unevenly sessile- and stalked-glandular, glands highly variable in size; phyllary body 3–7+ striate; pappus scales 0.5–1 mm, << 1/2 corolla length ..... D. conjugens
14' Phyllaries ± evenly stalked-glandular, glands generally ± uniform in size; phyllary body not striate; pappus scales 1–2 mm, often >= 1/2 corolla length
15. Disk flowers 8–14(15); ray flowers (7)8(10), rays 3–7.5 mm; phyllaries 5–6 mm, < peduncle — basal leaves sometimes persistent in SCoR ..... D. paniculata
15' Disk flowers (11)13–32; ray flowers 8–13(15), rays 5–9.5 mm; phyllaries 5–8.5 mm, < or > peduncle ..... D. increscens
16. Plants <= 10 dm; heads in panicle-like clusters; peduncle generally > involucre, peduncle bracts generally overlapping < proximal 3/4 of phyllaries; ray flowers 8–13 ..... subsp. increscens
16' Plants generally <= 4.5 dm; heads in pairs or tight groups; peduncle generally < involucre, peduncle bracts generally overlapping >= proximal 3/4 of phyllaries; ray flowers (8)13(15) ..... subsp. villosa
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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