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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.



Michael R. Mesler & Robin Bencie

Rhizome slender, creeping to ± erect. Stem: erect, branched, scaly below, leafy above, hairs 0 or generally sharp-branched, generally not glandular, some or all falling in age. Leaf: alternate, sessile to ± clasping, (ob)ovate to elliptic, acute to acuminate, base ± oblique, cordate to acute, main veins >=3, converging. Inflorescence: umbel-like, terminal; flowers 1–7, pendent. Flower: perianth parts 6, in 2 whorls, petal-like, free, white to ± green, bases green, generally convex; stamens 6, free, anthers generally < filaments, generally oblong, generally glabrous; ovary superior, chambers (1)3, style slender, stigma entire or 3-lobed. Fruit: berry, orange to red. Seed: white to pale yellow.
6 species: temperate North America. (Greek: to append, from pendulous ovules of type sp.) [Mesler et al. 2010 Madroño 52:129–135]

Key to Prosartes

1. Stem, leaf margin, pedicel glandular-hairy; filaments << anthers; ovary chambers 1; fruit generally 2-seeded ..... P. parvifolia

1' Stem, leaf margin, pedicel hairy or not, nonglandular; filaments > anthers; ovary chambers 3; fruit generally > 3-seeded

2. Leaf margin hairs many, short, sharp, ascending, blade abaxially minute-scabrous, especially on veins; perianth parts ± spreading at middle; anthers generally exserted ..... P. hookeri

2' Leaf margin hairs 0 or long, spreading, generally falling in age, blade abaxially glabrous or sparsely hairy; perianth parts spreading at tip; anthers included ..... P. smithii


Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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