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Key to families | Table of families and genera
This text currently parallels The Jepson Manual: Vascular Plants of California, Second Edition that is now available at the University of California Press.
Text appearing in blue on this page will not appear in the printed book; it will be displayed only on the Web. Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
Annual, perennial herb, vine or not.
Stem: erect, trailing, or twining, glabrous or hairy, ribs 0.
Leaf: cauline, alternate, petioled; ocrea persistent or not, cylindric, papery, opaque; blade broad- ovate to triangular, entire.
Inflorescence: axillary, terminal, spike-, panicle-, or raceme-like; flowers 3–7; peduncle present or 0.
Flower: bisexual or pistillate (1 kind per plant); perianth generally enlarging, bell-shaped, pale green or white to pink, glabrous, base stalk-like, parts 5, fused basally or ± completely, of 2 kinds, outer 3 generally winged, > inner 2; stamens 6–8, filaments free, wider basally, glabrous or hairy, anthers yellow to pink or red, ovate to elliptic; styles 3, spreading, fused basally or ± completely, stigmas head-like, fringed, or peltate.
Fruit: included or exserted, 3-angled, brown to black.
Seed: embryo straight.
12 species: Am, Eur, Asia, Africa. (Gabriele Fallopio, Italian botanist, 1523–1562)
Unabridged etymology: (for Gabriele Fallopio, 1523–1562, Italian professor of anatomy, botany, and surgery, for whom Fallopian tubes also named)
1. Rhizomes present, perennial herb; stems erect; stigmas fringed
2. St generally 1–2 m; leaf blade 6–13 cm, 5–10 cm wide, base truncate ..... F. japonica
2' St 2–4(5) m; leaf blade 15–30(40) cm, 7–25 cm wide, base cordate ..... F. sachalinensis
1' Rhizomes 0; annual, per; stems trailing, twining, or climbing; stigmas head-like or peltate
3. St woody; inflorescence panicle-like ..... F. baldschuanica
3' St not woody; inflorescence spike-like ..... F. convolvulus
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.