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Key to families | Table of families and genera
This text currently parallels The Jepson Manual: Vascular Plants of California, Second Edition that is now available at the University of California Press.
Text appearing in blue on this page will not appear in the printed book; it will be displayed only on the Web. Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
Perennial, prostrate (non- flower stems) or ascending to erect to mat-forming, taprooted.
Leaf: needle-like to narrowly linear; vein 1.
Inflorescence: terminal, open to head- or umbel-like; flowers 1–many; peduncles, pedicels 0–55 mm.
Flower: hypanthium present; sepals 5, ± free, 3–7.2 mm, lance- linear to ovate, glabrous to glandular-hairy; petals 5, 2–18 mm, entire or ± notched; stamens on hypanthium; ovary ± superior, styles 3, 2.5–3 mm.
Fruit: capsule, ovoid to urn-shaped; teeth 6, ascending to recurved.
Seed: 1–9, ± gray, dark brown, red-brown, yellow-tan, black-purple, or ± black.
90 species: n temperate, especially w North America, Eurasia. (Greek: solitary or deserted + seed, allusion uncertain) [Hartman & Rabeler 2004 Sida 21:237–241] Based in part on molecular evidence (Harbaugh et al. 2010 Intl J Plant Sci 171:185–198), 2 subgenera of Arenaria treated here as Eremogone.
Unabridged synonyms: [Arenaria subg. Eremogone (Fenzl) Fenzl, Arenaria subg. Eremogoneastrum F. Williams]
Unabridged references: [Hartman, Rabeler, & Utech 2005 FNANM 5:56–70]
1. Infl generally head- or umbel-like, dense to ± open; pedicels generally < 7 mm ..... E. congesta
2. Pedicels 0–0.2(2) mm; inflorescence dense
3. Lf generally 3–8 cm, ± thread-like, not fleshy; NCoRH, CaRH, n SNH, Wrn ..... var. congesta
3' Lf 2–3 cm, ± thread- or needle-like, ± fleshy; KR, NCoRH, MP ..... var. crassula
2' Pedicels 1–12 mm; inflorescence ± open
4. Infl umbel-like, bracts generally at base; sepals 3–4 mm, obtuse ..... var. suffrutescens
4' Infl not umbel-like, bracts scattered among flowers; sepals 3.5–6.5 mm, acute
5. Sepals 3.5–4.5 mm ..... var. subcongesta
5' Sepals 4.5–6.5 mm
6. Lf 1–2 cm; sepals 4.5–5.5 mm; DMtns ..... var. charlestonensis
6' Lf 2–3.5 cm; sepals 5.5–6.5 mm; n SNH, MP ..... var. simulans
1' Infl generally ± open cyme or flowers 1–2; pedicels some or all > 7 mm (± 0.5–1.5 mm in Eremogone ursina)
7. Sepals generally obtuse to rounded or broadly acute, abruptly pointed or not
8. Lf blade 0.5–1 cm; sepals in flower 1.8–3 mm; SnBr ..... E. ursina
8' Lf blade 1–6 cm; sepals in flower 3–5.5(6.5) mm; CaR, n SN, MP
9. Petals 12–18 mm; stem glabrous; leaves not glaucous; fruit 7.5–9 mm ..... E. cliftonii
9' Petals 4.5–10 mm; stem glandular-hairy; leaves generally glaucous; fruit 5–7 mm ..... E. aculeata
7' Sepals acute to acuminate, ± spine-tipped or not
10. St 1–20 (30) cm; leaves 0.3–2 cm ..... E. kingii var. glabrescens
10' St generally 20–40 cm; leaves 2–6 cm
11. Sepals 3–4.3 mm, in fruit < 5.5 mm; inflorescence branches spreading; nectaries rounded, 0.3–0.4 mm ..... E. ferrisiae
11' Sepals 4.5–7.2 mm, in fruit < 8 mm; inflorescence branches erect to ascending; nectaries rectangular, 2-lobed or truncate, 0.7–1.5 mm ..... E. macradenia
12. Cauline leaves downcurved, 0.8–2 mm wide ..... var. arcuifolia
12' Cauline leaves ± ascending, 0.8–1.2 mm wide ..... var. macradenia
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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