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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.

 

BIGNONIACEAE TRUMPET-CREEPER FAMILY

Lúcia G. Lohmann


Shrub, tree [woody vine]; nectaries often on stem, leaf, calyx, ovary. Leaf: generally 1–3-pinnate or -palmate (or simple), generally opposite or whorled. Flower: bisexual, showy; calyx generally 5-lobed, 2-lipped or not; corolla funnel- or bell-shaped, 5-lobed, generally 2-lipped; stamens epipetalous, generally 4, paired, a 5th vestigial (a staminode) [or 0]; ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas 4, axile (or chamber 1, placentas 2–4, parietal), style long, stigma 2-lobed. Fruit: generally capsule, long, cylindric to ± round, sometimes flat, 2-valved. Seed: many, flat, generally winged.
81 genera, 827 species: generally tropics, especially South America; many ornamental (Campsis, trumpet creeper; Catalpa; Jacaranda). [Alcantara & Lohmann 2010 Amer J Bot 97:782–795] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Lohmann, L. G. 2006 Untangling the phylogeny of neotropical lianas (Bignonieae, Bignoniaceae). American J Bot 93:304–318; Lohmann, L. G. & C.U. Ulloa 2006 http://www.iplants.org/]

Key to Bignoniaceae

1. Leaves 1- or 2-pinnate; calyx not 2-lipped; fruit oblanceolate or ± round

2. Woody vine; leaves 1-pinnate; corolla red-orange, 5–8 cm; staminode included, glabrous; anther sacs 2; fruit oblanceolate ..... [Campsis radicans]

2' Tree; leaves 2-pinnate; corolla purple-blue, 3–4 cm; staminode exserted, glandular-hairy; anther sac 1; fruit ± round ..... [Jacaranda mimosifolia]

1' Leaves simple; calyx 2-lipped; fruit linear

3. Tree; leaves cordate; corolla white with yellow and purple markings or yellow stripes or brown dots ..... CATALPA

3' Shrub; leaves linear; corolla white or light pink to lavender with yellow and purple markings ..... CHILOPSIS

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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