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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
[Subshrub, shrub], tree, evergreen; dioecious (monoecious), or flowers bisexual. Stem: erect [subterranean, creeping, climbing], slender to massive, smooth or covered with fibrous or prickly remains of leaf bases. Leaf: palmately or pinnately dissected or compound, alternate, forming a terminal crown; base sheathing; petiole generally long; blade including leaflets folded lengthwise. Inflorescence: panicle (spike), axillary; peduncle sheathed by 1+ large bracts; flowers many, generally ± sessile. Flower: generally small, ± radial; sepals, petals each generally 3, similar or not, fused at base or free; stamens generally 6; pistils 1, compound, or 3, simple, ovaries superior, if 1, generally 3-chambered, styles free or fused. Fruit: generally a drupe, fleshy or dry. Seed: generally 1.
1914 genera, 2500 species: tropics, subtropics. [Zona 2000 FNANM 22:95–123] Cult worldwide for food, ornamental, building material. —Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Uhl & Dransfield 1987 Genera Palmarum; Zona 2000 FNANM 22:95–123]
1. Leaf segments loosely arching to drooping, tent-like, margins folded downward; petioles generally unarmed, bases not persisting ..... [SYAGRUS]
1' Leaf segments stiffly spreading, V-shaped, margins folded upward; petioles generally armed, bases persisting on trunk
2. Leaf blade pinnate, elongate; petioles not split at base; dioecious ..... PHOENIX
2' Leaf blade ± palmate, rounded; petioles split at base; flower bisexual ..... WASHINGTONIA
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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