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    Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Key to Ambrosia

View taxon page for Ambrosia

(For a list of species in Ambrosia, use the above link.)

Jepson Manual glossary definitions can be seen by moving your cursor over words underlined with dots.

1. Leaf blade linear to thread-like or lobes thread-like; free palea tips of bur becoming flat, membranous, wings

2. Wings of bur 0.5–2 mm wide

3. Wings of bur in 1 whorl, ± acute to widely obtuse; leaves lobed or generally entire, abaxially generally glabrous; flowers fall ..... A. monogyra

3' Wings of bur spiraled, spine-tipped; leaves generally lobed, abaxially strigose; flowers spring ..... [A. ×platyspina]

2' Wings of bur 2.5–8 mm wide – flowers in spring ..... A. salsola

4. Wings generally 5–9, generally 2.5–4 mm, 2.5–5 mm wide, spreading from bur body in ± 1 central whorl-like spiral; pistillate head phyllary generally 1, obovate, transparent ..... var. pentalepis

4' Wings generally 10–13, generally 3.5–5.5 mm, 3.5–6.5(8) mm wide, spiraled around bur body, spreading or ascending and enwrapping bur; pistillate head phyllaries generally several, ovate, green or transparent, ± hairy ..... var. salsola

1' Leaf blade linear to round, variously toothed or lobed; free palea tips of burs knob-like or spiny, or not evident

5. Shrubstems persisting 2+ seasons

6. Bur spines straight, flat or round in ×-section

7. Leaf blade 1–3 × pinnately lobed or divided; bur puberulent ..... A. dumosa

7' Leaf blade coarsely toothed or pinnately lobed; bur densely long-soft-hairy ..... A. eriocentra

6' Bur spines hooked, round in ×-section

8. Cauline leaves sessile, ± clasping, spine-tipped and spiny-dentate ..... A. ilicifolia

8' Cauline leaves petioled, generally toothed or lobed but not spiny

9. Leaf blades lance-triangular, (3)5–20 cm; bur ellipsoid, body finely glandular ..... A. ambrosioides

9' Leaf blades ± ovate, 1–3 cm; bur ± spheric, body densely woolly ..... A. chenopodiifolia

5' Annual or perennial herb

10. Annual from slender taproot

11. Leaf blade unlobed or palmately 3–5-lobed ..... [A. trifida]

11' Leaf blade 1–4 × pinnately lobed or divided

12. Bur spines 0–30, spiraled, sharply pointed; distal staminate phyllary tips ± black-lined ..... A. acanthicarpa

12' Bur spines 4–12, in ± 1 whorl below beak, generally blunt; staminate phyllary tips uniformly green ..... A. artemisiifolia

10' Perennial herb from rhizome-like roots or taprooted caudex

13. Bur spines many, spiraled

14. Stems forming mat on coastal dunes; bur 5–10 mm; spines straight ..... A. chamissonis

14' Stems erect; bur 2–5 mm; spines hooked ..... A. confertiflora

13' Bur spines 0–few, generally on distal 1/2

15. Leaf coarsely toothed or generally 1–2 × pinnately lobed or divided; plant generally 3–20 dm ..... A. psilostachya

15' Leaf 2–4-pinnately divided into many minute segments; plant generally 1–3.5 dm ..... A. pumila


Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, [accessed on month, day, year]

Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].

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