|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
Key to families | Table of families and genera
This text currently parallels The Jepson Manual: Vascular Plants of California, Second Edition that is now available at the University of California Press.
Text appearing in blue on this page will not appear in the printed book; it will be displayed only on the Web. Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
Annual to tree, vine.
Leaf: generally opposite ( whorled), entire; stipules generally fused to stem, adjacent pairs occasionally fused, or occasionally leaf-like and appearing like whorled leaves.
Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, spike, cluster, or flower 1, generally terminal and ± axillary.
Flower: generally bisexual; calyx ± 4(5)-lobed, occasionally 0 (Galium, Crucianella) or 6 (Sherardia); corolla generally radial, 4(5)-lobed; stamens epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes, generally included; ovary generally inferior, chambers generally 2 or 4, style 1(2).
Fruit: drupe, berry, or 2 or 4 nutlets [ capsule].
± 500 genera, 6000 species: worldwide, especially tropics; many cultivated, including Coffea, coffee; Cinchona, quinine; many ornamental. [Robbrecht & Manen 2006 Syst & Geogr Plant 76:85–146] Diodia teres Walter doubtfully in CA. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Dempster 1979 Fl CA 4(2):1–47]
1. Shrub or small tree
2. Infl a dense, spheric head, flowers >> 50; fruit 2–4 dry, brown nutlets; leaves not fleshy ..... CEPHALANTHUS
2' Infl a short, compound cyme, flowers 1–5; fruit drupe, orange-red; leaves fleshy ..... [COPROSMA]
1' Annual to subshrub
3. Lvs all opposite
4. Fls sessile, axillary, 1–many per node ..... [DIODIA]
4' Fls long-pedicelled; inflorescence terminal cyme, open, few-flowered ..... KELLOGGIA
3' Lvs generally whorled
5. Infl a dense spike, bracts overlapping; calyx 0 ..... CRUCIANELLA
5' Infl not a spike; calyx present or 0
6. Fls pedicelled (except Galium murale), in panicles, clusters of 2–many, occasionally 1; involucre 0; calyx 0 ..... GALIUM
6' Fls sessile, in few-flowered heads; involucral bracts ± free, ± = leaves; calyx 6-lobed ..... SHERARDIA
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.