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Key to families | Table of families and genera
This text currently parallels The Jepson Manual: Vascular Plants of California, Second Edition that is now available at the University of California Press.
Text appearing in blue on this page will not appear in the printed book; it will be displayed only on the Web. Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
Perennial to tree [ vine], hairs 0 or peltate or not; rarely dioecious.
Leaf: simple to odd-pinnately compound, alternate or generally opposite, deciduous or evergreen; stipules 0.
Inflorescence: various; flowers >= 1.
Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; calyx generally minute (0), tube cup-shaped, lobes 4–15; petals (0)4–6(8), generally fused; nectar disk often present; stamens (0)2(4–5), epipetalous; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers 2, each 2–4 ovuled, placenta axile, style 1, stigma generally 2-lobed.
Fruit: drupe, capsule, or winged achene.
Seed: 1 per chamber.
± 25 genera, 900 species: ± worldwide; some cultivated for ornamental (Forsythia; Jasminum, jasmine; Ligustrum, privet; Syringa, lilac) or food (Olea, olive). [Lee et al. 2007 Molec Biol Evol 24:1161–1180] —Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Jensen et al. 2002 Phytochemisty 60:213–231; Kim & Jansen 1998 Amer J Bot 85(6): Suppl. 139; Wallander & Albert 2000 Amer J Bot 87(12):1827–1841]
1. Lf simple or generally pinnately compound, leaflets 0 or (1)3–9; fruit winged achene ..... FRAXINUS
1' Lf simple; fruit capsule or drupe
2. Lvs generally alternate; fruit a deeply 2-lobed capsule ..... MENODORA
2' Lvs opposite or clustered; fruit a drupe
3. Fls unisexual; corolla 0; stamens 0 or 4–5 ..... FORESTIERA
3' Fls bisexual; corolla funnel-shaped, salverform, or rotate; stamens 2
4. Corolla funnel-shaped or salverform; fruit 1–4-seeded ..... LIGUSTRUM
4' Corolla rotate; fruit 1-seeded ..... OLEA
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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