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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.



Alan T. Whittemore & Elizabeth McClintock

[Perennial herb] shrub, [vine] tree, generally with milky juice; monoecious or dioecious. Leaf: alternate [opposite], petioled, generally simple, entire to lobed, evergreen or deciduous; stipules present. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, head, or flowers enclosed in thick receptacle, axillary. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, small, ± radial; sepals generally 4, free or fused at base; petals 0; stamens generally 4, opposite sepals; ovary generally superior, 1-chambered, style simple or 2-parted. Fruit: achenes many within fleshy calyces or surrounded by fleshy inflorescence receptacle.
37 genera, 1100 species: tropics, subtropics, some temperate; many cultivated (Ficus, fig; Artocarpus, breadfruit, jackfruit; Morus, mulberry). Insect- or wind-pollinated. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.

Key to Moraceae

1. Leaves pinnately veined, entire; stem axils generally with 1 stout thorn to 3 cm; fruit 9–15 cm, spheric ..... MACLURA

1' Leaves palmately 3–5-veined, lobed or not, toothed; stems unarmed; fruit 1–8 cm, obovoid to short-cylindric or ± spheric.

2. Leaf blade 11–32 cm, 13–37 cm wide, petiole 4–12 cm; fruit not lobed, surface not segmented; buds inside conic stipules; stipule scar encircling stem ..... FICUS

2' Leaf blade 5–16 cm, 3–16 cm wide, petiole 1–4 cm; fruit lobed, segmented; buds scaly; stipule scars obscure, not encircling stem ..... MORUS


Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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