|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
Key to families | Table of families and genera
This text currently parallels The Jepson Manual: Vascular Plants of California, Second Edition that is now available at the University of California Press.
Text appearing in blue on this page will not appear in the printed book; it will be displayed only on the Web. Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
Annual, glabrous; monoecious.
Stem: decumbent to erect, 1–8 dm, base often ± red.
Leaf: cauline, alternate, petioled; ocrea soon torn, falling; blade ± hastate to cordate.
Staminate inflorescence: axillary, terminal, raceme-like; flowers 1–8.
Pistillate inflorescence: axillary, spike-like; flowers 1–8.
Staminate flower: perianth parts 5–6, free; stamens 4–6.
Pistillate flower: perianth parts 6, fused; outer 3 spine-tipped in fruit, inner 3 tubercled; styles 3, free.
Fruit: included, 2–4.5 mm, ovate, shiny, spines 3; perianth hardened.
2 species: native to Medit, S.Africa, spread worldwide. (Latin: removal from Rumex) Hybrids occur readily when species together; highly sterile when self-pollinated but can backcross with either parent to form viable seeds.
1. Perianth in fruit (including spines) 9–13 mm; inner perianth parts of pistillate flowers widely triangular-ovate, tips mucronate ..... E. australis
1' Perianth in fruit (incl spines) 3–7 mm; inner perianth parts of pistillate flowers lance-linear, tips acute ..... E. spinosa
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.