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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.


Annual, perennial herb. Stem: generally erect, 6–200 cm. Leaf: auricle generally ciliate; ligule generally membranous, truncate, irregularly torn; blade flat, linear to lanceolate. Inflorescence: raceme- or panicle-like; branches spreading to erect; spikelets sessile to stalked. Spikelet: 2–17 mm, cylindric or laterally compressed; glumes ± equal to unequal, < to > florets, generally ovate; axis breaking above glumes, falling as 1 unit; florets 3, lower 2 sterile; sterile lemma glabrous or pubescent, firmer than glumes, awned or not, lower generally auricled; palea 0; upper floret bisexual, lemma membranous, becoming hard at maturity, 5–7-veined, awn 0; palea 1–2(5)-veined; stamens 3 or 6 (in California).
± 35 species: southern Africa (25 species), New Zealand. (J.F. Ehrhart, German botanist, student of Linnaeus, 1742–1795) [Barkworth 2007 FNANM 24:33–36]
Unabridged references: [Gibbs Russell & Ellis 1987 Bothalia 17:51–65]

Key to Ehrharta

1. Sterile lemma awns 2–20 mm; stamens 3 ..... E. longiflora

1' Sterile lemma awns 0; stamens 6

2. Glumes ± purple at maturity; sterile lemma soft-hairy, upper smooth ..... E. calycina

2' Glumes ± green at maturity; sterile lemma ± glabrous, upper transversely wrinkled ..... E. erecta


Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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