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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.


Annual, perennial herb. Stem: generally 1–8 dm, erect. Leaf: generally basal; ligule membranous, truncate, rough-edged, or ciliate; blade 3–15 cm, 2.5–14 mm wide, flat, glabrous to pubescent. Inflorescence: terminal, spike- or panicle-like, cylindric, ovoid to head-like, dense; spikelets laterally compressed, generally paired, subsessile to short-stalked, of 2 kinds, 1 sterile, 1 fertile. Fertile spikelet: bisexual; glumes ± equal, lanceolate, 1-veined, keeled, awn generally 0; florets 1–5; axis extended beyond uppermost floret, breaking above glumes and between florets; lemma back rounded, faintly 5-veined, awned [or not]; palea ± = lemma, 2-lobed. Sterile spikelet: sometimes obscuring fertile spikelet; glume narrow, linear; florets 6–18, axis not breaking apart; lemma narrow, lance-linear, rigid, 1-veined, awned or not.
8 species: Europe, western Asia, northern Africa. (Greek: dog + tail, from shape of inflorescence) [Long 2007 FNANM 24:685–687]
Unabridged references: [Jirasek & Chrtek 1964 Novit Bot Delect Seminum Horti Bot Univ Carol Prag 1964:23–27; Lodge 1959 J Ecol 47:511–518]

Key to Cynosurus

1. Perennial herb; inflorescence cylindric; fertile lemma awn generally 0.5–1 mm ..... C. cristatus

1' Annual; inflorescence ± head-like, occasionally interrupted; fertile lemma awn 3–20 mm ..... C. echinatus


Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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