Directory       News       Site Map       Home
    Jepson eFlora
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.



Elizabeth M. Skendzic

Perennial herb, cespitose. Stem: erect; nodes generally short-hairy. Leaf: basal and cauline; ligule membranous; blade flat or folded. Inflorescence: panicle-like; branches ± digitate or racemes, long-soft-hairy; axis segments grooved, breaking with age. Spikelet: paired, dorsally compressed; sessile spikelet bisexual, glumes > florets, membranous, florets 2, lower vestigial, upper fertile, lemma translucent, tip awned; stalked spikelet staminate or sterile, pedicel hairy; spikelet pair and subtending axis segment breaking as a unit. Fruit: oblong to fusiform.
± 35 species: worldwide, warm temperate, tropics. (Greek: pit, from pitted glumes of some species) Cult for forage, revegetation. Reports of Bothriochloa exaristata (Nash) Henrard from Los Angeles Co. are unverified. Bothriochloa ischaemum var. songarica (Fisch. & C.A. Mey.) Celarier & J.R. Harlan, infraspecific taxa not recognized.
Unabridged references: [Allred & Gould 1983 Syst Bot 8:168–184]

Key to Bothriochloa

1. Stalked spikelet ± = sessile spikelet; inflorescence ± red to ± purple ..... [B. ischaemum]

1' Stalked spikelet < sessile spikelet, narrower; inflorescence tan to silvery

2. Sessile spikelet > 4.5 mm; lemma awn > 18 mm ..... B. barbinodis

2' Sessile spikelet < 4.5 mm; lemma awn < 18 mm ..... B. laguroides subsp. torreyana


Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.