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Key to families | Table of families and genera
This text currently parallels The Jepson Manual: Vascular Plants of California, Second Edition that is now available at the University of California Press.
Text appearing in blue on this page will not appear in the printed book; it will be displayed only on the Web. Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
Leaf: at flower 0 or ± basal.
Inflorescence: spike, generally dense, flowers in spiral; bracts leaf-like, < to > flowers, gradually reduced upward, linear to oblong.
Flower: sepals, lateral petals narrow- lanceolate; upper sepal ± fused to lateral petals, together hood-like, enclosing column, lower ± free, ± = lip, adherent to hood; lip not spurred, pouch-like, deeply grooved below middle, concave above; column < lip, tip with anther on back.
Fruit: spreading to ascending.
± 40 species: especially Am, also Japan, Australia, New Zealand. (Greek: coiled flowers) Plants in SN may be hybrids between species below, for which Spiranthes stellata P.M. Brown et al. might be correct.
Unabridged references: [Sheviak 1990 Rhodora 92:213–231]
Unabridged note: Plants in SN may be hybrids between species below, for which Spiranthes stellata P.M. Brown, Dueck, & K.M. Cameron might be correct.
1. Lip lanceolate to ± ovate, tip puberulent above; perianth ± yellow (cream); upper sepal, lateral petals generally spreading, not forming hood ..... S. porrifolia
1' Lip ± violin-shaped, tip glabrous above; perianth ± white (cream); upper sepal, lateral petals forming hood ..... S. romanzoffiana
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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