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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.


Plant ± scapose, brown, tan, ± pink, ± red, ± purple, (± green); rhizome branches many, short, scaly, together coral-like. Leaf: at flower 0. Inflorescence: raceme; flower bract << flower, often scale-like. Flower: sepals ± alike, oblong to (ob)lanceolate, generally curved over column and lip, generally 3-veined, lower generally fused at base, mentum present or not; lateral petals spreading or curved toward lip, lip not spurred, entire to 3-lobed, spreading to reflexed; column generally convex adaxially, concave abaxially, curved over lip. Fruit: pendent.
11 species: North America, Central America, Eurasia. (Greek: coral root)

Key to Corallorhiza

1. Lip entire, stripes 3–5, ± red to ± purple, faint or not, mentum 0; lower sepals curved forward ..... C. striata

1' Lip with 2 lobes laterally, stripes 0, mentum at base; lower sepals spreading or curved forward

2. Sepal veins 1; lower sepals curved forward ..... C. trifida

2' Sepal veins 3; lower sepals spreading

3. Lateral lobes of lip acute, prominent or not ..... C. mertensiana

3' Lateral lobes of lip rounded, prominent ..... C. maculata

4. Lip ± not widening to tip ..... var. maculata

4' Lip widening to tip ..... var. occidentalis


Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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