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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
Annual, perennial herb, tufted to matted, taprooted. Leaf: linear to awl-shaped, generally not fleshy; vein 0–1. Inflorescence: terminal or axillary; flower 1; pedicels 2–30 mm. Flower: sepals 4–5, free, 1.3–3.5 mm, lanceolate to ovate, glabrous to glandular-hairy; petals 0 or 4–5, 1–3 mm, entire or notched; stamens 4, 5, 8, 10; styles 4–5, 0.1–0.6 mm. Fruit: capsule, ovoid; valves 4–5, spreading to recurved. Seed: many, generally obliquely triangular, ± compressed, brown or red-brown.
± 25 species: northern temperate, tropical mountains. (Latin: fatten, from early use as forage) [Crow 2005 FNANM 5:140–147]
1. Annual, often glandular-hairy on pedicels, sepals, or both; sterile basal rosettes 0; stem thread-like; pedicels ± straight
2. Upper leaves minutely ciliate near base; sepals 4(5); petals 0(4), minute, < sepals ..... S. apetala
2' Upper leaves glabrous; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, ± = sepals ..... S. decumbens subsp. occidentalis
1' Perennial herb, generally glabrous; sterile basal rosettes often present; stem not thread-like; pedicels often recurved in flower, straight in fruit
3. Sepals 4(5), spreading to ascending in fruit; petals 0 or 1/4–1/2 × sepals ..... S. procumbens
3' Sepals 5, ± appressed in fruit; petals 3/4–1 × sepals
4. Leaves fleshy, widely linear; sepals generally 2.5–3.5 mm ..... S. maxima subsp. crassicaulis
4' Leaves not fleshy, narrowly linear; sepals 1.5–2.5 mm
5. Leaf margins glabrous, base pairs not forming cup ..... S. saginoides
5' Leaf margins minutely glandular, base pairs forming cup ..... [S. subulata]
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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