Directory       News       Site Map       Home
    Jepson eFlora
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.


(Annual) perennial herb, scapose; rhizome ± woody. Leaf: few to many; basal generally in rosette, oblanceolate to obovate, entire or lobed, generally petioled; cauline generally small, scale-like. Inflorescence: panicle, branched ± at plant base, flowers in sessile, 1–3(5) flowered spike-like clusters, each 3-bracted at base, clusters evenly spaced along branches to crowded at branch tips. Flower: calyx funnel-shaped, base tubular, lobes generally fused, generally 5–10-ribbed, generally pink to blue; petals free, white to yellow or pale violet; styles 5, ± free.
± 300 species: ± worldwide, generally in saline soils. (Greek: meadow, from habitat of many species) [Karis 2004 Biol J Linn Soc 144:461–482] Many cultivated species; those of Mediterranean origin potentially could escape and naturalize. Limonium arborescens Kuntze, illeg. may have been misappl. to the waif Limonium brassicifolium (Webb & Berthel.) Kuntze.
Unabridged references: [Kunkel & Sunding 1967 Cuad Bot 2:9–18; Pignatti 1972 Flora Europaea 3:38–50; Lledo et al. 2005 Amer J Bot 92: 1189–1198; Smith 2005 FNANM 5:606–611]

Key to Limonium

1. Inflorescence branch wings 0

2. Inflorescence with some non-flowering branches; proximal inflorescence axis bracts round, clasping ..... [L. otolepis]

2' Inflorescence non-flowering branches 0; proximal inflorescence axis bracts deltate to linear, not clasping

3. Basal leaves obovate to oblong, 1.5–6 cm wide ..... L. californicum

3' Basal leaves oblanceolate to spoon-shaped, 0.5–2 cm wide

4. Basal leaves 1–4 cm, 5–9 mm wide, oblanceolate to spoon-shaped, tip obtuse; inflorescence clusters 1–3 flowered, ± curved, evenly distributed on terminal 2–3(6) cm of branch tips, 2–4 per cm ..... L. duriusculum

4' Basal leaves 3–10 cm, 7–20 mm wide, obovate to oblanceolate or spoon-shaped, tip acute to rounded; inflorescence clusters 2–5 flowered, crowded in terminal 1–4 cm of branch tips, 4–8 per cm ..... L. ramosissimum

1' Terminal inflorescence branches winged

5. Leaf pinnately lobed at least at base

6. Wings of inflorescence axes 5–20 mm wide; leaf-like bracts 0 at stem branch points ..... [L. brassicifolium]

6' Wings of inflorescence axes <= 5 mm wide; ± linear leaf-like bracts generally present at stem branch points ..... L. sinuatum

5' Leaf ± entire

7. Leaf margins ciliate with simple to 3-branched hairs; leaf tip long-acuminate, >= 4 mm; proximal flower bract awned, distal rounded ..... L. perezii

7' Leaf margins glabrous or with few, simple hairs; leaf tip acuminate, < 3 mm; flower bract tips mucronate to rounded

8. Leaf blade base generally cordate; flower clusters 2–4, in terminal 0.5 cm of branch tips; calyx sparsely hairy ..... [L. preauxii]

8' Leaf blade base long-tapered; flower clusters 1–4(5), in terminal 1.5 cm of branch tips; calyx glabrous ..... [L. sventenii]


Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.