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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.


Tree or shrub, deciduous; hairs unbranched. Leaf: alternate, simple, unlobed, 3-veined from base. Flower: staminate flowers in axils at base of new growth, 1 or clustered; bisexual flowers 1, in axils, perianth not persistent. Fruit: drupe.
± 60 species: widespread, tropics and northern temperate. (Latin name for the lotus of Homer) [Whittemore 2008 J Bot Res Inst Texas 2:627–632] Leaves on vigorous stems may be abnormally large, and (in Celtis reticulata) differently shaped.

Key to Celtis

1. Blade abaxially uniformly soft-hairy, tip slender, long-acuminate; fruit 10–12 mm diam; pedicel in fruit 11–31 mm ..... C. australis

1' Blade abaxially smooth or scabrous between hairy veins, tip acute or ± short-acuminate; mature fruit 5–8 mm diam; pedicel in fruit 4–10(18) mm

2. Shrub or small tree 3–5(10) m; blade thick, rigid, adaxially scabrous, abaxially ± all veins raised ..... C. reticulata

2' Tree to 20 m; blade flexible, adaxially smooth, abaxially only major veins raised ..... C. sinensis


Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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