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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
Plant ± erect to spreading. Stem: simple to diffusely branched. Leaf: cauline, alternate, opposite or whorled, ± sessile, generally entire. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in axils of upper leaves, generally pedicelled. Flower: calyx persistent; filaments free or fused at base. Fruit: circumscissile, spheric.
20 species: generally Eurasia. (Greek: pimpernel) [Manns & Anderberg 2005 Int J Plant Sci 166:1019–1028] Inclusion of Anagallis minima, Centunculus minimus in TJM (1993), controversial, based primarily on morphology; reports of Anagallis foemina from California based on blue-flowered forms of Anagallis arvensis.
Unabridged note: Placement of Anagallis minima (Centunculus minimus) is problematic. Martins et al. (2003) have nuclear DNA evidence to indicate Centunculus is closely allied to the Lysimachia clade and not Anagallis, but the morphology coincides more with Anagallis (see Kubitzki, K. et al., eds. 2004. Fam Generally Vasc Plant, 6+ vols. Berlin, Springer) and placement has gone back and forth with inclusion being the current concept.
1. Perennial herb; calyx 4–6 mm ..... [A. monelli]
1' Annual; calyx < 5 mm
2. Calyx <= corolla; flower distinctly pedicelled ..... A. arvensis
2' Calyx > corolla; flower sessile or nearly so ..... A. minima
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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