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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.



John M. Miller & Dieter H. Wilken

Annual, perennial herb, glabrous to short-hairy. Stem: ascending to erect, branched or not. Leaf: petioled, crenate to deeply lobed, lobes oblong. Inflorescence: generally spike-like, occasionally few-flowered, flowers subtended by leaves or bracts. Flower: calyx ± radial, 10-veined, 5-lobed, lobes ± equal; corolla 1-lipped, tube split above, lip 5-lobed, ± flat, distal lobe > lateral lobes, tip rounded, lateral lobe tips acute to obtuse; stamens 4, lower pair generally > upper; style lobes generally equal.
± 100 species: worldwide, especially Mediterranean. (Teucer, a Trojan monarch) [Wagstaff et al. 1998 Plant Syst Evol 209:265–274] Teucrium canadense L. var. occidentale (A. Gray) E.M. McClintock & Epling, not in California.
Unabridged references: [Cronquist & Reveal 1984 Intermountain Flora 4:303–304; McClintock & Epling 1946 Brittonia 5:491–510]
Unabridged note: Teucrium canadense L. var. occidentale (A. Gray) E.M. McClintock & Epling, a hairy perennial herb with ovate to lanceolate, serrate leaves known from Arizona, Oregon, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, Washington, northern to Canada and southern to Mexico., not in California; Teucrium fruticans L. is alien but not naturalized.

Key to Teucrium

1. Annual, 1–3 dm, simple to branched at base; pedicels <= 5 mm; corolla lip 4–8 mm, white to ± blue, purple-spotted ..... T. cubense subsp. depressum

1' Perennial herb, 5–10 dm, generally branched throughout; pedicels 8–25 mm; corolla lip 10–17 mm, white, generally violet-streaked ..... T. glandulosum


Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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