Jepson eFlora
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Key to Cardamine

View taxon page for Cardamine

(For a list of species in Cardamine, use the above link.)

Jepson Manual glossary definitions can be seen by moving your cursor over words underlined with dots.

1. At least some cauline leaves simple or 0

2. Caudex distinct; rhizomes 0; cauline leaves 0 or 1(2) ..... C. bellidifolia

2' Caudex 0; rhizomes present; cauline leaves 2–23

3. Rhizome not fleshy, 1–3 mm wide; rhizome leaves generally 0 ..... C. cordifolia

3' Rhizome fleshy, (3)4–18 mm wide; rhizome leaves present

4. Petals white or pale rose, 8–13(15) mm; seeds 12–22; stem (2)2.7–6(7) dm; leaflets of rhizome leaves (0)3(5–7) ..... C. californica (2)

4' Petals pink to purple (white), 14–18 mm; seeds 10–14; stem 1–3 dm; rhizome leaves simple ..... C. pachystigma

1' Cauline leaves pinnately or palmately compound; leaflets 3–25, occasionally pinnately divided, appearing compound

5. Annual or biennial; rhizomes 0

6. Basal leaves not rosetted, early-deciduous ..... C. pensylvanica

6' Basal leaves rosetted, persistent

7. Stamens 4(6); pedicels erect to ascending; fruit generally appressed, glabrous; seeds margined ..... C. hirsuta

7' Stamens 6; pedicels ascending to spreading; fruit generally not appressed, sparsely hairy or glabrous; seeds not margined ..... C. oligosperma

5' Perennial herb; rhizomed

8. Rhizome not fleshy, cylindric

9. Rhizome leaves present; seeds 6–16(24) ..... C. angulata

9' Rhizome leaves 0; seeds 14–28 ..... C. breweri

8' Rhizome fleshy, segments fusiform, ovoid to oblong or spheric

10. Leaflets of cauline leaves 5–7; sepals 1.7–2 mm; petals 4–6 mm ..... C. occidentalis

10' Leaflets of cauline leaves 3(5); sepals 3.5–5.5 mm; petals 8–15 mm

11. Cauline leaves 2–5; stem (2)2.7–6(7) dm; seeds 12–22; petals white or pale rose ..... C. californica (2)

11' Cauline leaves 1–3; stem 0.5–2(3) dm; seeds 8–16; petals pale pink to purple (white) ..... C. nuttallii


Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.