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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.


Perennial herb, biennial, ± hairy, taprooted. Stem: erect. Leaf: entire, basal petioled, cauline petioled or not. Inflorescence: panicle-like cymes, ± terminal, bracted or not. Flower: calyx ± deep-5-lobed, enlarged in fruit; corolla 5-lobed, funnel-shaped or salverform, blue to red-purple, appendages large; style entire. Fruit: nutlets generally 4, spreading, 5–8 mm diam, ± spheric or disk-shaped, short-barbed-prickly, adaxial attachment scar at tip.
80 species: worldwide. (Greek: dog tongue)

Key to Cynoglossum

1. Inflorescence ± among leaves; bracts ± leaf-like; corolla lobes dull red-purple, appendages purple; nutlet disk-shaped, abaxially ± flat, margin raised ..... C. officinale

1' Inflorescence above leaves; bracts scale-like or 0; corolla lobes ± blue, appendages white; nutlet ± spheric, abaxially rounded, margin not raised

2. Stem glabrous, ± glaucous; basal leaf blades 3–10 cm wide, abruptly narrowed to petiole; cauline leaves few, petioled; corolla limb generally 10–15 mm diam ..... C. grande

2' Stem spreading-hairy, not glaucous; basal leaf blade 1–4 cm wide, tapered to petiole; cauline leaves ± many, sessile; corolla limb 4–9 mm diam ..... C. occidentale


Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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