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Key to families | Table of families and genera
This text currently parallels The Jepson Manual: Vascular Plants of California, Second Edition that is now available at the University of California Press.
Text appearing in blue on this page will not appear in the printed book; it will be displayed only on the Web. Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
Perennial, biennial, ± hairy, taprooted.
Leaf: entire, basal petioled, cauline petioled or not.
Inflorescence: panicle-like cymes, ± terminal, bracted or not.
Flower: calyx ± deep-5-lobed, enlarged in fruit; corolla 5-lobed, funnel-shaped or salverform, blue to red-purple, appendages large; style entire.
Fruit: nutlets generally 4, spreading, 5–8 mm diam, ± spheric or disk-shaped, short- barbed-prickly, adaxial attachment scar at tip.
80 species: worldwide. (Greek: dog tongue)
1. Infl ± among leaves; bracts ± leaf-like; corolla lobes dull red-purple, appendages purple; nutlet disk-shaped, abaxially ± flat, margin raised ..... C. officinale
1' Infl above leaves; bracts scale-like or 0; corolla lobes ± blue, appendages white; nutlet ± spheric, abaxially rounded, margin not raised
2. St glabrous, ± glaucous; basal leaf blades 3–10 cm wide, abruptly narrowed to petiole; cauline leaves few, petioled; corolla limb generally 10–15 mm diam ..... C. grande
2' St spreading-hairy, not glaucous; basal leaf blade 1–4 cm wide, tapered to petiole; cauline leaves ± many, sessile; corolla limb 4–9 mm diam ..... C. occidentale
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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