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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.
Annual, generally glabrous; sap colorless. Stem: branched, 10–70 cm. Leaf: cauline, 2–6 cm, finely pinnately dissected or compound. Inflorescence: terminal raceme. Flower: bilateral; sepals 2, shed after flower; petals 4, cream to purple, persistent after flower, outer 2 petals free, upper spurred at base, inner 2 adherent at tips, oblanceolate, crested on back; stamens 6, ± fused in 2 sets opposite outer petals; ovary ± spheric, style 1, deciduous, stigma dot-like. Fruit: ± nut, ± round, 1-seeded. Seed: 1.
± 50 species: Eurasia, Africa. (Latin: smoky, perhaps from odor of fresh roots)
1. Petals 9–14 mm; pedicel recurved in fruit; fruit ± compressed laterally ..... F. capreolata
1' Petals 3–9 mm; pedicel ascending or spreading in fruit; fruit not compressed laterally
2. Sepals 1.5–3.5 mm; petals 5–9 mm, purple; bract < pedicel in fruit; fruit not keeled ..... F. officinalis
2' Sepals 0.5–1 mm; petals 3–6 mm, white to pink, inner purple-tipped; bract > pedicel in fruit; fruit keeled ..... F. parviflora
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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