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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.


Annual to perennial herb, erect, taprooted or rhizomed. Leaf: linear to oblanceolate; vein 1 or lateral 2 less prominent. Inflorescence: terminal; few- to many-flowered, dense, or 1–few-flowered, open; involucre bracts 2–6, linear to ovate; pedicels 0–25 mm. Flower: sepals 5, fused, glabrous to hairy, tube prominent, 1.3–2.2 cm, 1.8–3.3 mm diam, ± cylindric, veins 20–45[60], lobes 3–8 mm, < tube, triangular to lanceolate; petals 5, 13–24 mm, claw long, limb irregularly toothed or divided to narrow segments, unappendaged; stamen bases fused with petal bases to ovary stalk; styles 2, 5–12 mm. Fruit: capsule, ± tubular; stalk 1–4 mm; teeth 4, ascending. Seed: many, black.
320 species: Eurasia, southern Africa. (Greek: divine flower, from beauty or fragrance of flower) [Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:159–162]

Key to Dianthus

1. Flowers few to many; pedicels 0–3 mm; bracts linear to lanceolate, mostly >= calyx tube, long-tapered

2. Calyx moderately hairy; cauline leaf ± linear; fruit stalk ± 1 mm ..... D. armeria subsp. armeria

2' Calyx glabrous; cauline leaf ± lanceolate; fruit stalk 3–4 mm ..... D. barbatus subsp. barbatus

1' Flowers 1–few; pedicels mostly 5–25 mm; bracts ovate or obovate, 1/4–1/2 × calyx tube, acute to short-tapered

3. Petal limb 4–9 mm, tip irregularly toothed ..... D. deltoides subsp. deltoides

3' Petal limb 8–15 mm, tip divided to narrow segments ..... [D. plumarius subsp. plumarius]


Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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