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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.



Charles D. Bell & Lauramay T. Dempster

Shrub. Stem: decumbent to erect, slender. Leaf: simple, deciduous, short-petioled; blade generally elliptic to round, some often ± lobed. Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally ± terminal, generally few-flowered; flower subtended by 2 fused bractlets. Flower: ± radial; hypanthium ± spheric; calyx with 5-toothed, persistent limb; corolla bell-shaped to ± salverform, generally 5-lobed, white or pink, often ± hairy inside; nectary glands [1]5, ± basal; stamens generally included; ovary chambers 4, styles generally included, stigma head-shaped. Fruit: drupe, generally berry-like, white to pink. Seed: 2 (1 per lateral ovary chamber), ± oblong, planoconvex.
± 10 species: North America, 1 in China. (Greek: to bear fruit together, berries borne in clusters)
Unabridged references: [Jones 1940 J Arnold Arbor 21:201 252]

Key to Symphoricarpos

1. Corolla lobes hairy inside, ± = throat (subg. Symphoricarpos)

2. Plant 6–18 dm, erect; corolla swollen on 1 side, with 5 nectary glands within swelling; inflorescence generally 8–16-flowered ..... S. albus var. laevigatus

2' Plant 1.5–6 dm, sprawling; corolla scarcely or not swollen, nectary glands 5, 1 below each corolla lobe; inflorescence generally 2–8-flowered ..... S. mollis

1' Corolla lobes glabrous inside, << throat or tube (subg. Anisanthus)

3. Corolla ± salverform, 8–15 mm, tube slender, glabrous inside, 3–4 × spreading lobes; nectary 1; leaf ± similar adaxially, abaxially, blade generally 4–12 mm ..... S. longiflorus

3' Corolla narrowly bell-shaped, 6–10 mm, tube wide, ± hairy inside, 2–3 × erect lobes; nectaries 5; leaf more obviously veined abaxially, blade generally 8–20 mm ..... S. rotundifolius

4. Plant trailing; corolla tube inside sparsely hairy throughout; s High Sierra Nevada, Southwestern California, East of Sierra Nevada, Desert Mountains ..... var. parishii

4' Plant ± erect; corolla tube inside hairy in middle 1/3, otherwise glabrous; Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Great Basin Floristic Province ..... var. rotundifolius


Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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