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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.


Generally shrub to small tree, deciduous; main trunk generally 0. Stem: pith large, spongy. Leaf: 1(2)-odd-pinnately compound; leaflets serrate. Inflorescence: panicle of cymes, terminal, generally ± dome-shaped. Flower: ovary chambers 3–5, ovules pendent; style ± 0, stigma lobes 3–5. Fruit: drupe, berry-like. Seed: 3–5.
20 species: temperate, subtropics some cultivated as ornamental. (Greek: for stringed instrument made from wood of genus) Toxic in quantity (except cooked fruits). [Bolli 1994 Diss Bot 223:1–256]

Key to Sambucus

1. Fruit ± black, densely white-glaucous (appearing ± blue); inflorescence ± flat-topped, central axis generally not dominant; petals ± spreading ..... S. nigra subsp. caerulea

1' Fruit red or purple-black, not glaucous; inflorescence ± dome-shaped, central axis generally dominant; petals often reflexed ..... S. racemosa

2. Fruit purple-black; inflorescence generally 4–7 cm diam ..... var. melanocarpa

2' Fruit red; inflorescence generally 3–12 cm diam ..... var. racemosa


Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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