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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.

 

MONOTROPA
Perennial herb, non-green, glabrous to glandular-hairy; roots brittle, main often elongate. Stem: 0. Leaf: 0. Inflorescence: raceme-like or flowers 1; emerging from ground nodding, erect in fruit, persistent after seed dispersal, bracted; pedicel generally recurved to spreading when anthers open, erect in fruit, jointed to flower, bractlets 1–2. Flower: sepals generally 5, free; petals generally 5, free, oblong-cup-shaped, ± bulged at base; stamens generally 10, included, anthers dehiscing by 1 or 2 slits, unawned; nectary lobes (8)10, ± clasping stamen bases; ovary superior, lines of dehiscence evident, chambers (4)5, placentas axile. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal, erect, dehiscing tip to base. Seed: many per chamber, fusiform.
2 species: northern hemisphere. (Greek: 1 direction, from 1-sided inflorescence)

Key to Monotropa

1. Inflorescence raceme-like, flowers rarely 1; plant ± yellow to pink or red; stigma shallowly depressed, often subtended by ring of bristly hairs; nectary lobes short, stout; fruit segments thin-walled, often irregularly deciduous ..... M. hypopitys

1' Flowers 1; plant white (pink or red-orange); stigma widely funnel-like, not subtended by hairs; nectary lobes elongate, slender; fruit segments thick-walled, persistent ..... M. uniflora

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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