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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Specimen numbers are hyperlinked to records in the Consortium of California Herbaria data view where possible. Taxa are hyperlinked to entries in the Jepson Interchange via the "[Online Interchange]" link.


Stem: crown conic; young branches appearing whorled, drooping or not; bark thin, scaly; twig with persistent, peg-like, spreading, < 2 mm leaf bases, glabrous or hairy; bud conic to ovoid, resinous. Leaf: often crowded toward upper side of twigs, generally < 3 cm, sessile, ± 4-angled or flat, stiff, often strong-smelling when crushed. Seed cone: conspicuously terminal or not, pendent, 5–12 cm, maturing 1st year; stalk 0–1 cm; bract included, ± free from scale. Seed: wing terminal.
34 species: northern hemisphere. (Latin: pitch) Trunks, especially of Picea sitchensis, more flared or buttressed at base than other California conifers.

Key to Picea

1. Leaf ± 4-angled, with 2 obvious, ± white bands adaxially, abaxially ..... P. engelmannii

1' Leaf ± flat, generally with 2 faint, ± white bands adaxially, also abaxially or not

2. Leaf tip blunt; seed cone scale margin ± entire, bract < 1/4 scale ..... P. breweriana

2' Leaf tip acute; seed cone scale margin ± jagged, bract > 1/2 scale ..... P. sitchensis


Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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