University and Jepson Herbaria, Electronic Publications Carl Albert Purpus, Web-Site Standards

by Barbara Ertter and Tom Schweich

Home Page Published Biographies Travelogues Letters Bibliography Site Administration
Date Last Changed: March 30, 1999.
Purpose: The purpose of the standards are to enable efficient collaboration between the designers and editors of the web site: Carl A.Purpus, Plant Collector in Western America
  • Browsers, this web site will be developed for, and tested with, Netscape Navigator Version 4 and Internet Explorer Version 4.

  • File types, the site will contain the following file types:

    • HTML files, for site text and navigation.
    • JPEG files, for photographs.
    • GIF files, for non-photographic graphics.

    JAVA and other dynamic text will be avoided.

  • File name, all file names will be entered in lowercase letters only. This will avoid possible confusion between the development platform of Windows 95, which is insensitive to case in file names, and UNIX, in which file names are case-sensitive.

  • File extension, use lower case only.

    • HTML files, use ".html" for file extension rather than ".htm"
    • JPEG files, use the ".jpg" file extension.

  • Anchor Names

    • Letters. Anchor names for letters will contain the initials of the sender, the initials of the addressee, and the date of the letter. For example: CAPTXB18980716 would refer to a letter written by Carl Purpus to Katherine Brandegee on July 16, 1898. Thus far I have used CAP for Carl Purpus, KXB for Katherine Brandegee, and TXB for Townsend Brandegee. You'll have to forgive my early ignorance of the Brandegee's middle initials. Note that the anchor name contains the century to provide Year 2000 compliance.

    • Locations. Anchor names for locations in the United States will begin with the two-character state abbreviation, such as "CA" for California, "CO" for Colorado, etc. Names will be spelled out fully and capitalized properly. However, blanks will be removed from between words. Some words will abbreviated:
      • Bch - Beach
      • Ck - Creek
      • Cyn - Canyon
      • Cty - County
      • E - East
      • Fk - Fork
      • I - Island
      • Jct - Junction
      • Lk - Lake
      • Mdw - Meadow
      • Mdws - Meadows
      • Mt - Mount
      • Mtn - Mountain
      • Mtns - Mountains
      • N - North
      • Qtz - Quartz
      • R - River
      • Rch - Ranch
      • Rd - Road
      • Rng - Range
      • S - South
      • Spr - Spring
      • Vy - Valley
      • W - West


      • CAMtnSprCyn -- Mountain Spring Canyon, California
      • NVMtGabb -- Mount Gabb, Nevada
      • NVMuddyCk -- Muddy Creek, Nevada

    • Paragraphs. In certain documents it will be helpful to refer the reader to specific paragraphs in another document. See for example, a blockquote in index.html. To enable references to specific paragraphs, the paragraphs will be numbered sequentially by anchors like "Para016" followed by "Para017" etc.

    • Photographs. Anchor names for photographs will be the same as the file name, file extension excluded. For example, the anchor name for "westgardpass.jpg" will be "westgardpass"

  • Photographs

    • Photographs should be sized to something between 640 and 800 pixels on the longer dimension and between 480 and 600 pixels on the shorter dimension. This will take a combination of setting the scan resolution of the scanner and creative cropping of the scanned photograph. Other sized photographs may be used when the subject matter is best illustrated by a different size.
    • Examine the scanned photographs carefully for brightness and contrast. Most will need to be lightened and the contrast increased between 5% and 15%.
    • Add a copywrite notice to each photograph. They should generally be in the lower right corner. However, use another area of the photograph for the copywrite notice if there are critical details in the lower right corner. The notice will contain the copyright symbol, the year, and the name of the person holding the copyright, such as: "1998 Barbara Ertter" or "1998 Tom Schweich" The copywrite symbol can be entered as Alt+0169 on the keyboard.
    • Save the photograph in JPEG format with enough compression to reduce the file size to between 160KB and 240KB, without sacrificing critical details. The filename of the photograph should be the same as the slide number, such as "col-61.jpg" or "col-105.jpg"
    • Prepare a thumbnail for each photograph. The size of the thumbnail should be 133 by 100 pixels. Save the thumbnails as JPEG files with high compression so their size is less than 2KB. The filename of the thumbnail should be the same as the photograph with "tn" appended to the end. Thus the thumbnail for "col-61" will be named "col-61tn.jpg"
    • Save all completed images and thumbnails in the /images directory of the Purpus web site.
    • Keep a list of photographs that have been prepared. The list will contain the file name of the full size photograph, the file name of the thumbnail, name of the copyright holder, and a description of the contents of the photograph approximately 25 words in length. Be sure to include all the information that has been written on the slide in the descriptive information.
    • When you have finished a group of photographs, email the list of photographs to Tom Schweich,, so the data base can be updated.